o|pen1 W1S1 [ˈəupən US ˈou-] adj
1¦(door/container etc)¦
3¦(not enclosed)¦
4¦(not covered)¦
5 the open air
6¦(business/building etc)¦
7¦(not restricted)¦
9¦(not secret)¦
12¦(not yet decided)¦
13 open to something
14¦(not blocked)¦
15¦(spread apart)¦
16 an open mind
17 be open to question/doubt
18 welcome/greet somebody/something with open arms
19 an open invitation
20 be an open book
21 the door is open
22 keep your eyes/ears open
23 open weave/texture
[: Old English;]
not closed, so that things, people, air etc can go in and out or be put in and out
≠ ↑closed, shut ↑shut
He threw the door open and ran down the stairs.
an open window
The gates swung silently open .
The bar door flew open and a noisy group burst in.
All the windows were wide open (=completely open) .
She looked at the open suitcase with surprise.
There was an open bottle of wine on the table.
2.) ¦(EYES/MOUTH)¦
not closed, so that your ↑eyelids or your lips are apart
I was so sleepy, I couldn't keep my eyes open .
He was fast asleep with his mouth wide open .
3.) ¦(NOT ENCLOSED)¦ [only before noun]
not enclosed, or with no buildings, walls, trees etc
There was open ground at the end of the lane.
open spaces such as parks and gardens
open countryside/country
At weekends people want to leave the town for open countryside.
A shoal of fish swam past heading for the open sea (=part of the sea away from land) .
The car's performance is good, especially going fast on the open road (=a road without traffic where you can drive fast) .
without a roof or cover
The president was riding with his wife in an open car.
Martin was struggling with the sails on the open deck.
an open drain
open to the sky/air/elements
Many of the tombs had been robbed and left open to the sky.
5.) the open air
in the open air
The dancing was outside, in the open air.
Jane wanted to rush to the door and get out into the open air.
6.) ¦(BUSINESS/BUILDING ETC)¦ [not before noun]
ready for business and allowing customers, visitors etc to enter
≠ ↑closed, shut ↑shut
The museum is open daily in the summer months.
The offices are also open at weekends.
After the security alert, most of the firms affected were open for business on Monday morning.
The villagers are anxious that their local school is kept open.
I declare this exhibition open (=officially say that it is now open) .
allowing everyone, or everyone in a group, to take part in something, know about something, or have a chance to win something
open to
The competition is open to all readers in the UK.
In many schools, governors' meetings are not open to the public .
The discussion was then thrown open for the audience's questions.
an open meeting
The men's race appears wide open (=anyone could win it) .
The painting would fetch several hundred dollars on the open market (=a market in which anyone can buy or sell) .
8.) ¦(OPPORTUNITY)¦ [not before noun]
if an opportunity, possible action, job etc is open to you, you have the chance to do it
The job is being kept open for her.
open to
The 1960s was a period when greater opportunities were open to women.
So what other options are open to us?
There is only one course of action open to the local authority.
9.) ¦(NOT SECRET)¦ [only before noun]
actions, feelings, intentions etc that are open are not hidden or secret
Her father watched her with open admiration.
open hostility between the two nations
The party was calling for more open government (=when the government makes information freely available) .
The case will be tried in open court (=in a court where everything is public) .
It is an open secret (=it is supposed to be secret, but most people know about it) that she is having an affair with another man.
honest and not wanting to hide any facts from other people
open with
The couple are quite open with each other about their feelings.
open about
She was quite open about her ambitions.
his friendly, open manner
11.) ¦(CLOTHES)¦
not fastened
the open neck of his shirt
She was wearing an open jacket.
needing more discussion or thought before a decision can be made
The matter remains an open question .
open to
The new rates of pay are open to negotiation.
The test results are open to interpretation.
keep/leave your options open
Officers investigating her death are keeping their options open.
13.) open to sth
a) likely to suffer from something or be affected by something
The magazine's editor is open to criticism in allowing the article to be printed.
The regulations are open to abuse by companies.
He has left himself open to accusations of dishonesty.
b) willing to consider something new or to accept something new
Teachers need to be open to children's ideas.
The committee is open to suggestions.
The owners of the building want to sell and are open to offers.
14.) ¦(NOT BLOCKED)¦
if a road or line of communication is open, it is not blocked and can be used
We try to keep the mountain roads open all through the winter.
spread apart instead of closed, curled over, etc
At night the flowers were open.
Johnson raised an open hand.
He was sitting in bed with a book lying open (=with its pages apart so it can be read) on his knees.
16.) an open mind
if you have an open mind, you deliberately do not make a decision or form a definite opinion about something
It's important to keep an open mind as you study the topic.
17.) be open to question/doubt
if something is open to question, there are doubts about it
Whether the new situation is an improvement is open to question.
18.) welcome/greet sb/sth with open arms
to be very pleased to see someone or something
Mike will be welcomed back into the team with open arms.
19.) an open invitation
a) an invitation to visit someone whenever you like
b) something that makes it easier for criminals to steal, cheat etc
an open invitation to
The lack of security measures provides an open invitation to crime.
20.) be an open book
to be something that you know and understand very well
The natural world was an open book to him.
21.) the door is open
there is an opportunity for someone to do something
the door is open to
Schoolgirls are being told that the door is open to them to pursue careers in science.
22.) keep your eyes/ears open
to keep looking or listening so that you will notice anything that is important, dangerous etc
23.) open weave/texture
cloth with an open weave or texture has wide spaces between the threads
keep an eye open (for sth) ateye1 (14), with your eyes open ateye1 (19), ↑open-eyed
open 2
open2 W1S1 v
1¦(door/window etc)¦
5¦(start operating)¦
6¦(shop/restaurant etc)¦
7¦(start an activity)¦
10¦(official ceremony)¦
12¦(make a way through)¦
13¦(film/play etc)¦
14 open an account
15 open fire (on something)
16 open the door/way to something
17 open somebody's eyes (to something)
18 open your mind (to something)
19 open your heart (to somebody)
20 the heavens opened
Phrasal verbs
 open onto/into something
 open out
 open up
1.) ¦(DOOR/WINDOW ETC)¦ [I and T]
to move a door, window etc so that people, things, air etc can pass through, or to be moved in this way
Jack opened the window.
He opened the drawer of the desk.
She heard a door open and then close.
to unfasten or remove the lid, top, or cover of a container, package etc
Louise opened a bottle of wine.
He opened the letter and began to read it.
The children were opening their presents.
Mark was about to open a beer when the doorbell rang.
3.) ¦(EYES)¦ [I and T]
to raise your ↑eyelids so that you can see, or to be raised in this way
Barry was awake long before he opened his eyes.
Carrie smelled coffee and her eyes opened reluctantly.
4.) ¦(MOUTH)¦ [I and T]
to move your lips apart, or to be moved in this way
He opened his mouth but couldn't think what to say.
5.) ¦(START OPERATING)¦ [I and T]
also open up
if a place such as an office, shop, restaurant etc opens or is opened, it starts operating or providing a service
Sarah had recently opened an office in Genoa.
French and Scandinavian offices are due to open in the autumn.
The Forestry Commission has opened a plant centre selling rare plants.
The centre has been a great success since it opened its doors a year ago.
[i]also open up
to start business, letting in customers or visitors, at a particular time
What time do the banks open?
The bakery opens early.
to start an activity, event, or set of actions
The US attorney's office has opened an investigation into the matter.
An inquest into the deaths will be opened next week.
8.) ¦(COMPUTER)¦ [T]
to make a document or computer program ready to use
Click on this icon to open the File Manager.
9.) ¦(MEETING/EVENT)¦ [I and T]
if a meeting etc opens or is opened in a particular way, it starts in that way
Hughes, opening the Conference, made a dramatic plea for peace.
open with
The concert opens with Beethoven's Egmont Overture.
to perform a ceremony in which you officially state that a building is ready to be used
The new County Hall building was officially opened by the King.
11.) ¦(SPREAD/UNFOLD)¦ [I and T]
to spread something out or unfold something, or to become spread out or unfolded
She opened her umbrella.
John opened his hand to show her he wasn't holding anything.
The flowers only open during bright weather.
I sat down and opened my book.
She opened the curtains (=pulled the two curtains apart) .
Dave opened his arms (=stretched his arms wide apart) to give her a hug.
to make it possible for cars, goods etc to pass through a place
They were clearing away snow to open the tunnel.
The peace treaty promises an end to war and opens the borders between the two countries.
13.) ¦(FILM/PLAY ETC)¦
to start being shown to the public
Paula and Rachael star as mother and daughter in the play, which opens tonight.
The film opened yesterday to excellent reviews.
14.) open an account
to start an account at a bank or other financial organization by putting money into it
Mary was in the bank to ask about opening a current account.
15.) open fire (on sth)
to start shooting at someone or something
Troops opened fire on the rioters.
16.) open the door/way to sth [i]also open doors
to make an opportunity for something to happen
Research on genes should open the door to exciting new medical treatments.
If the record is successful, it could open doors for my career.
17.) open sb's eyes (to sth)
to make someone realize something that they had not realized before
The purpose of the training is to open managers' eyes to the consequences of their own behaviour.
18.) open your mind (to sth)
to be ready to consider or accept new ideas
19.) open your heart (to sb)
to tell someone your real thoughts and feelings because you trust them
20.) the heavens opened
literary it started to rain heavily
open the floodgates atfloodgate
open onto/into [open onto/into sth] phr v
if a room, door etc opens onto or into another place, you can enter that other place directly through it
The door opens onto a long balcony.
open out phr v
1.) if a road, path, or passage opens out, it becomes wider
open out into
Beyond the forest the path opened out into a track.
2.) BrE if someone opens out, they become less shy
open up phr v
if opportunities open up, or a new situation opens them up, they become available or possible
With a microscope, a whole new world of investigation opens up.
open sth<=>up
The new international agreement opens up the possibility of much greater co-operation against terrorism.
2.) ¦(LAND)¦
open sth<=>up
if someone opens up an area of land, they make it easier to reach and ready for development
The new road will open up 300 acres of prime development land.
to open something that is closed, locked, or covered
Open up, this is the police!
open sth<=>up
He opened up his case and took out a clean sweater.
a) if a shop, office etc opens up or is opened up, someone starts it
b) if a shop, office etc opens up at a particular time, it starts business at that time
open sth<=>up
to start a discussion or argument
The article was written with the intention of opening up a public debate.
if someone opens up a lead in a competition or race, they increase the distance or number of points by which they are winning
7.) ¦(TALK)¦
to stop being shy and say what you really think
Last night was the first time that Ken had opened up about his feelings.
8.) ¦(WITH A GUN)¦
to start shooting
if a hole, crack etc opens up or is opened up, it appears and becomes wider
open 3
open3 n
1.) in the open
In the summer, we camped in the open .
2.) (out) in the open
information that is out in the open is not hidden or secret
By now the whole affair was in the open.
She never let her dislike for him come out into the open.
All these concerns need to be brought out into the open .

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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